Large image

History

From Forts to Ford in Richmond Hill
  • Richmond Hill, Georgia, looks like a bustling modern city, but delve a little deeper and you’ll find that we are steeped in history. From the Guale Indians to automobile mogul Henry Ford, Richmond Hill has a long and storied past.

    Start a day of exploration with a hearty breakfast sandwich or cheesy omelette at the Omelette Café. While you’re enjoying eggs, bacon and, yes, grits, download the free Coastal Bryan Heritage Trail app to plan your route. Immerse yourself in Richmond Hill history on the driving tour of the city Henry Ford built. Start at the Courthouse Annex, stop #1, built in 1939 with funding from Henry Ford.

    • “Ways Station” marker, stop #2, documenting the settlement of Ways Station that grew up between the railroad tracks and the crossroads to the west of them, later renamed Richmond Hill.

    • “Henry Ford at Richmond Hill” marker, stop #3, at Richmond Hill City Hall, describing how Henry and Clara Ford came to Richmond Hill, built their winter home here, and made significant contributions to the community.
    • J.F. Gregory” marker, stop #4, across from City Hall, which honors the man who was the general manager and superintendent for all of Henry Ford’s various operations in Richmond Hill.
    • “Rice Cultivation on the Ogeechee River” marker, stop #5, to the right of the City Center, describes how the rice crop was cultivated on Bryan Neck in the 1700s and 1800s, ending by 1900.
    • The Carter Funeral Home is the former Community House, stop #6, the single most imposing structure built by Henry and Clara Ford in Richmond Hill outside of their home on the Ogeechee River. The Community House is where cooking, home economics, sewing, dancing and other activities were taught at no cost to the local residents, and were many social activities were held, many attended by the Fords themselves.
    • The “Martha-Mary Chapel” marker, stop #7, describes how the Fords had the chapel, now St. Anne’s Catholic Church, built in 1937 and named for Henry’s (Mary) and Clara’s (Martha) mothers.
    • Stop #8, “The Commissary,” describes the general store, ice plant and bakery that Henry Ford built in 1941 to serve his employees and local residents.
    • Stop #9 is Canaan Baptist Church, organized in 1913. Many of the original congregants were descendants of slaves of the nearby antebellum rice plantations. The present sanctuary was built with support from Henry Ford.
    • “The ‘Bottom’ Village” marker, stop #10, describes the first housing project developed by Henry Ford for his employees in Ways Station (later Richmond Hill). In the Bottom, there were 75 two-and-three-bedroom homes built for Ford’s workers, along with a recreation building and a baseball field.
    • View Ford’s barber chair and other mementos at the Richmond Hill History Museum, formerly the Kindergarten Building, stop #11 on the Trail. The structure was built in 1940 by Henry Ford to serve as a kindergarten for the children of Ways Station-Richmond Hill.
    • Stop #12, Burnt Church Cemetery, contains the interred remains of some of Bryan County’s most prominent early families, including the McAllisters (#13) and Clays (#14).

    • Stop #15 is Bryan Neck Presbyterian Church (est. 1830), the oldest organized congregation in the county. The current sanctuary, the oldest public building in Bryan County, was built in 1885 after the first building burned. The cemetery, known as Burnt Church Cemetery, remains at the original site of the church.
    • The Kilkenny House, built in 1843-46 and restored by Henry Ford in the 1920s, is stop #16.
    • Bryan Neck Missionary Baptist Church, stop #17, is the oldest African-American church congregation in lower Bryan County, organized in 1869. The first structure for the church, a Prayer House, was built in 1870 on this site near the white Presbyterian Church (Burnt Church).
    • The marker at stop #18 describes how Henry Ford built the George Washington Carver School in 1939 to serve the educational needs of the African-American children of lower Bryan County.
    • The marker at stop #19 (currently removed temporarily for road construction), “Kilpatrick on Bryan Neck” tells the story of how Brig. Gen. J.L. Kilpatrick, 3rd Cavalry Division [US], crossed the Ogeechee River near Fort Argyle and the Canoochee River near Bryan Court House (Clyde) on pontoon bridges and moved down Bryan Neck, securing the area for Gen. William T. Sherman.
    • Stop #21, “The CSS Nashville” pavilion, showcases machinery recovered from the CSS Nashville or “Rattlesnake”, a 1200-ton Confederate blockade runner that was sunk in the Ogeechee River by the ironclad Montauk.
    • Directly across from the CSS Nashville pavilion at the Fort McAllister fishing pier is stop #22, the marker “The Guale Village at Seven-Mile Bend,” which describes the archaeological evidence documenting the area’s inhabitance by Native Americans as early as 3000 B.C.
    • Less than two miles outside the fort, the marker “Hardwicke” is stop #23 and tells the story of one of the “dead towns of Georgia.”
    • One mile from the “Hardwicke” marker, stop #24 is Folly Farms, a Greek Revival home that has been the site of Hollywood films such as “Glory” and “The General’s Daughter.” While the house is a private residence and should not be approached, a nearby marker that is stop #25, “Richard James Arnold,” tells about the man who built the Folly Farms house as a wedding gift for his daughter, and who was both a prominent landowner in the area with 200 slaves and a Quaker who was involved in the movement to abolish slavery.
    • Stop #26 is Strathy Hall, another private residence, that is the oldest residential structure in lower Bryan County, built in 1838, and restored by Henry Ford in the 1940s.
    • A shopping center called “Sawmill Plaza,” stop #27, is on the site of what was once the Ford Sawmill and Industrial Arts and Trade School. Most of the structures around Richmond Hill, including residential housing for Ford employees and various community buildings, were constructed from lumber supplied by this local sawmill, while the Industrial Arts and Trade School, built by Ford in the late 1930s, taught boys trades such as woodworking, metal finishing, sheet metal work, ornamental iron work, machine shop forging, welding, printing, mechanical and architectural drawing, brass foundry and carpentry.

    • Nearby, at Dearborn and Greenwich, stop #28 is a building that was the Ford Plantation Office, where the offices of Ford’s plantation superintendent, bookkeeper, office manager, payroll clerk, and telephone switchboard were located.
    • The marker “Hazen’s Division on the Canoochee,” stop #29, tells more of the conflict between Union and Confederate troops as Sherman’s March to the Sea approached Savannah.
    • Stop #30 on the Trail, “Fort Argyle,” is the oldest site on the Trail. Fort Argyle was developed by Georgia founder Gen. James Oglethorpe to defend Savannah from the Spanish in the 1730s. Nothing remains of the fort today, and it is not accessible to the general public since it lies entirely within the boundaries of Fort Stewart Military Reservation.
    • The marker “Hazen’s Division on the Canoochee,” stop #29, tells more of the conflict between Union and Confederate troops as Sherman’s March to the Sea approached Savannah.
    • Stop #30 on the Trail, “Fort Argyle,” is the oldest site on the Trail. Fort Argyle was developed by Georgia founder Gen. James Oglethorpe to defend Savannah from the Spanish in the 1730s. Nothing remains of the fort today, and it is not accessible to the general public since it lies entirely within the boundaries of Fort Stewart Military Reservation.
  • If your itch for history still needs scratching, pick up some sweets from All Things Chocolate in Richmond Hill, then drive south and stop in the Midway Museum for a guided tour of the historic house, church and cemetery where stories abound, or go north to pay a visit to the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force in Pooler, where you can marvel at the B-17 and other aircraft and the museum’s interactive displays.

    Of course, Richmond Hill’s location adjacent to Historic Savannah means you can tour America’s largest National Historic Landmark district by trolley, as well as visit Old Fort Jackson, Fort Pulaski National Monument and Bonaventure Cemetery.

    Download the free Heritage Trail app!
    Search for “Coastal Bryan Heritage Trail” in the app store.